The 2022 Australian Federal Election

Edited by: Anika Gauja orcid, Marian Sawer orcid, Jill Sheppard orcid

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Australia’s 2022 federal election played out in ways that few could have expected. Not only did it bring a change of government; it also saw the lowest number of primary votes for the major parties and the election of the greatest number of Independents to the lower house since the formation of the Australian party system. The success of the Teal Independents and the Greens, along with the appetite voters showed for ‘doing politics differently’, suggested that the dominant model of electoral competition might no longer be the two-party system of Labor versus Liberal. At the very least, the continued usefulness of the two-party-preferred vote as a way of conceptualising and predicting Australians’ voting behaviour has been cast into serious doubt.

In Watershed, leading scholars analyse the election from the ground up—focusing on the campaign issues, the actors involved, and the successes and failures of campaign strategy—and show how digital media, visual politics and fake news are changing the way politics is done. Other topics include the impact of COVID-19 and the salience of climate, gender and integrity issues, as well as voting patterns and polling accuracy. This authoritative book is indispensable for understanding the disenchantment with the major parties, the rise of Community Independents, and the role of the Australian Greens and third parties.

Watershed is the eighteenth in the ANU Press federal election series and the tenth sponsored by the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia.

‘The Australian election books have been appearing after each election since the 1987 election, and with ANU Press as publisher since 2010. As chair of the Social Sciences Editorial Committee, I am proud of this connection: it is a prestige publication … The rise of fact-free partisanship makes the kind of considered discussion being carried on here more significant than ever.’
– Frank Bongiorno, Launch speech for Watershed: The 2022 Australian Federal Election, 18 October 2023.


ISBN (print):
ISBN (online):
Publication date:
Aug 2023
ANU Press
Social Sciences: Politics & International Studies

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Watershed »

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  1. Watershed: The 2022 Australian federal election (PDF, 0.5MB)Anika Gauja, Marian Sawer and Jill Sheppard doi

Part 1: Campaign and context

  1. Administrative issues in a time of Covid (PDF, 0.4MB)Michael Maley doi
  2. The integrity election: Public trust and the promise of change (PDF, 0.7MB)A.J. Brown doi
  3. Variants of populism (PDF, 0.2MB)Carol Johnson doi
  4. High-vis and hard hats versus the care economy (PDF, 0.7MB)Blair Williams and Marian Sawer doi
  5. Strategy and leadership in the Labor and Liberal campaigns (PDF, 1.1MB)Glenn Kefford and Stephen Mills doi
  6. Media coverage of the campaign and the electorate’s responses (PDF, 2.0MB)Andrea Carson and Simon Jackman doi
  7. Talking pictures (and cartoons, videos, memes, etcetera) (PDF, 7.8MB)Lucien Leon and Richard Scully doi

Part 2: Actors

  1. The Australian Labor Party (PDF, 0.9MB)Rob Manwaring and Emily Foley doi
  2. The Liberal Party of Australia (PDF, 0.2MB)Marija Taflaga doi
  3. The National Party of Australia (PDF, 0.4MB)Anika Gauja doi
  4. The Greens’ campaign: Google it, mate (PDF, 0.2MB)Stewart Jackson and Josh Holloway doi
  5. Independents and minor parties (PDF, 0.3MB)Jill Sheppard doi
  6. The rise and impact of Australia’s movement for Community Independents (PDF, 3.1MB)Carolyn M. Hendriks and Richard Reid doi
  7. Third-party campaigning organisations (PDF, 0.3MB)Ariadne Vromen and Serrin Rutledge-Prior doi

Part 3: Results

  1. The House of Representatives results (PDF, 0.8MB)Ben Raue doi
  2. The Senate results (PDF, 0.5MB)Antony Green doi
  3. Seat-by-seat polling versus the pendulum (PDF, 0.3MB)Murray Goot doi
  4. The rise and rise of early voting (PDF, 0.5MB)Ferran Martinez i Coma and Rodney Smith doi

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