Anomie and Violence

Anomie and Violence

Non-truth and Reconciliation in Indonesian Peacebuilding

Authored by: John Braithwaite orcid, Valerie Braithwaite orcid, Michael Cookson, Leah Dunn

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Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.


ISBN (print):
ISBN (online):
Publication date:
Mar 2010
ANU Press
Peacebuilding Compared
Law; Social Sciences: Politics & International Studies, Social Policy & Administration
Southeast Asia: Indonesia


‘This book provides a lucid, empirically comprehensive and balanced analysis of Indonesia’s recent internal conflicts.’
—Davis Jansen, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 32(3), 2010.

‘This is not the first book on the collective violence that rocked Indonesia in the post-New Order democratic transition, but it is the most ambitious.’
—Gerry Van Klinken, Australian Journal of Political Science, Volume 46(2), 2011.

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